2012 Olympic Gold Medals are Mostly Silver

July 25, 2012 at 2:00 am 5 comments

By Chad Upton | Editor

A gold medal has been awarded to the top Olympic athlete in an event since the 1904 St. Louis Summer Olympics. Although this tradition has stuck, many things have changed since the St. Louis games.

I hadn’t planned on writing much about the St. Louis Olympics, but some of the research proved too bizarre to hold back. For starters, the games were supposed to be in Chicago; but, the World Fair organizers in St. Louis promised to hold their own sporting event that would eclipse the Olympic games, unless they were awarded the games. So, the games were awarded to St. Louis.

During the marathon, Frederick Lorz dropped out of the race after nine miles and rode a car back to the start/finish to collect his clothes. But, the car broke down so he had to run the rest of the way. Officials thought he was the first to finish and he went along with it, but was later caught and banned for a year. The following year, he did win the Boston Marathon fair and square.

The actual winner of the marathon, Thomas Hicks, had a bit of help from his trainers who gave him a mix of brandy and strychnine sulfate — a poison which isn’t lethal in small doses and “stimulates” the nervous system. A postman from Cuba, Felix Carbajal, also ran in the marathon. He he snacked on rotten apples in an orchard, took a nap and then finished in fourth place.

The first two Africans to compete in the Olympics did so by chance. They also ran the marathon, although they were actually in town as part of the Boer War exhibit in the World Fair. They finished ninth and twelfth, although many were disappointed in the ninth place finish by Len Tau. Many believed he could have done better if dogs had not chased him a mile off course.

The games officially lasted four months, but most of the events took place over a six day period. Since the World Fair was in the same city at the same time, the Olympics were almost a sideshow to the fair. This, combined with the fact that the games were so poorly organized, nearly made St. Louis the last Olympics. 108 years later, the tables have turned. The World Fair is not widely talked about, but it still exists: Expo 2012 wraps up on August 12th in Yeosu, South Korea.

South Korea is not shy of the Olympics though, they hosted the games in 1988. They picked up 13 gold medals four years ago in Beijing and will likely bring some back from London too. So, lets find out what it’s worth.

Each of the 2012 London gold medals weigh in at approximately 400 grams. While it looks like solid gold, atomic element 79 only makes up 1.34% of the medal. The rest of the gold medal is 92.5% silver and 6.16% copper. This is pretty typical.

The International Olympic Committee requires that gold medals contain at least 6 grams of gold and a minimum of 92.5% silver. The silver medal must also contain a minimum of 92.5% silver.

Two years ago, Vancouver’s Olympic gold was 575 grams. Although much heavier than London’s, this year’s medals are actually the most costly ever awarded due to the high price of gold.

In fact, gold prices have significantly increased the cost and value of recent olympic medals. In 2004, an Athen’s gold medal was worth about $155 in raw materials. Beijing’s 2008 gold contents were worth about $393. Vancouver’s came in around $508 and London’s gold medals could be melted down to about $728 worth of gold and silver (approx $334 in gold + $394 silver).

But, don’t expect to find one at your local pawn shop. Because of their rarity, symbolic and sentimental significance they are worth far more than their weight in gold (and silver). Olympic medals are rarely ever sold, but it does happen. In 2004, a Polish athlete auctioned her gold medal for charity, which fetched $82,599 for children with leukemia.

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Sources: London 2012, Yahoo! Sports, The Telegraph, wikipedia (1904 Olympics)

Images: Wikimedia Commons (gnu license)

Entry filed under: History and Origins, Money, Sports. Tags: , , , , , , , .

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5 Comments Add your own

  • 1. 2012 Olympic Gold Medals Are Mostly Silver  |  July 26, 2012 at 3:22 am

    […] This article originally appeared on Chad Upton’s website Broken Secrets. […]

    Reply
  • 2. Neil  |  July 26, 2012 at 10:15 pm

    Great post, Chad!

    Who knew that gold medals weren’t really gold?

    Personally I think there should be a Frankincense medal awarded to the guy who finishes in last place for every event. Because you just finished in last place! At least you get something.

    Reply
  • 3. Emily  |  September 7, 2012 at 7:24 am

    When will there be a new post?

    Reply
  • 4. André Clemente  |  October 25, 2012 at 7:09 pm

    great story (history story) thanks

    Reply
  • 5. Student  |  November 23, 2012 at 4:43 pm

    Hello, i am a student and am doing my ICT GCSE. I would like to use some of the information on this page to help me with my ICT coursework. So please may you give me permission to allow me to use this information. Thank you.

    Reply

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